Vocal Cord Lesions
Vocal polyps and nodulesare growths that may occur in several situations: straining the voice, hypothyroidism, radiation therapy in the neck, or long-lasting sinusitis with drainage, cough, and frequent throat clearing. The first symptom of polyps and nodules is usually hoarseness, which occurs when the growth or growths interfere with the flow of air past the vocal cords. Treatment may include a referral to a speech therapist to advise you how to better use your voice. Sometimes, surgical removal may be indicated.
Leukoplakia refers to thick, white patches of abnormal tissue, often caused by chemical irritation from tobacco smoke or alcohol. Leukoplakia commonly causes no symptoms. Over time it can silently develop into cancer of the voice box, especially if you both smoke and drink alcohol. If you have leukoplakia, you will be checked for cancer, and your physician will advise you to stop smoking.
Thyroidectomy is a surgical procedure removing all or part of the thyroid gland. A thyroidectomy may be done when you have a nodule (lump) in your thyroid gland that could be cancerous. A thyroidectomy may also be done when the thyroid gland is overactive (hyperthyroidism) and medicine has failed to control the problem.
Antithyroid medicine and radioactive iodine are usually effective, but there are cases where surgery is the preferred treatment or the only effective treatment. Ask your surgeon or health care provider about these situations. Details about the procedure will be thoroughly described by your physician.
Heartburn & Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Heartburn refers to the symptoms you feel when acids in your stomach flow backward into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach. Heartburn that happens often is called gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. The main symptom of heartburn is a burning pain in the lower chest, usually close to the bottom of the breastbone. Other symptoms you may have are acid or sour taste in your mouth, and belching and the sensation of bloating or fullness of the stomach.
Usually heartburn can be diagnosed using your medical history. Additional testing may be used to check for ulcers or other problems that may be causing your symptoms, barium swallow x-ray, complete upper GI barium study, and endoscopy. Reducing symptoms of heartburn can be done by taking over-the-counter antacids, avoiding substances that make the symptoms worse, raising your head in bed or using more than one pillow. If the simple measures described above do not relieve the symptoms, your health care provider may prescribe medicine. The prescription medicines help reduce stomach acid and help stomach emptying. Very few people who are not helped with medicines may need surgery.
Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy:
Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy is a surgery that is done to remove the tonsils and adenoids. The tonsils and adenoids help the body fight respiratory infections, such as colds. However, they can be removed without changing the body’s ability to fight infection. Reasons for removing the tonsils and adenoids may include trouble breathing at night because of enlarges tonsils, frequent infections of the tonsils, an abscess around one or both tonsils, and trouble swallowing because of enlarged tonsils.