A sore throat refers to pain, kich-kich itchiness, or irritation of the throat. It may cause trouble swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is the primary indication of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include:
- a dry throat
- swollen glands in the neck
- white patches on the tonsils
A sore throat can affect people of all ages, but the risk of a sore throat is higher in some people. This includes:
- people who smoke
- people with allergies
- people with a compromised immune system
Sharing a close space with others also increases the risk of upper respiratory infections that can initially present as a sore throat.
Raise your voice against throat Kich-Kich..get yours self evaluated… Here
Causes of a sore throat
Several things can cause a sore throat.
Most sore throats are triggered by a viral infection. These are infections caused by a disease, such as the common cold or the flu.
Other types of viral infections include:
- mononucleosis, which is an infectious disease typically transmitted through saliva
- measles, which is a infectious illness characterized by a distinct rash and fever
- chickenpox, which is an infection that causes skin sores
- croup, which is an infection of the larynx
A bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat. These types of infections include:
- strep throat, which is an inflammation of the throat caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria
- diphtheria, which causes throat inflammation
- whooping cough, which affects the respiratory mucous membrane
Not all sore throats are viral or bacterial. Several other things can cause throat pain.
- If you’re allergic to mold, pollen, pet dander or other irritants, exposure to these allergens can trigger postnasal drip. Postnasal drip occurs when excess mucus accumulates in the back of your throat. This accumulation can irritate your throat and cause pain or swelling.
- Dry air can make your throat feel raw and scratchy.
- Smoking cigarettes or inhalation in cigarette smoke can trigger persistent sore throats.
- Yelling or too much talking can trigger throat strain.
In very uncommon cases, a sore throat may be a sign of HIV or throat cancer.
When to see your doctor
Most sore throats don’t need medical attention. However, see your doctor if your sore throat lasts for longer than one week. Also see your doctor if you experience any of the following:
- difficulty breathing
- joint pain
- difficulty swallowing
- an earache
- a rash
- a fever over 101°F (38.3°C)
- bloody mucus
- a lump in the throat
- hoarseness that lasts longer than two weeks
How to prevent a sore throat
Many causal causes of sore throats are infectious, and there are certain steps that can help you prevent future disease. Continually washing your hands throughout the day kills the germs and bacteria that can cause viral and bacterial infections. Additional steps you can take to prevent a sore throat include the following:
- not sharing drinking glasses
- using hand sanitizers whenever soap and water aren’t available
- limiting contact with commonly touched surfaces
- reducing exposure to allergens, such as pollen, dust, and mold
- avoiding cigarette smoke
- keeping a humidifier in your house to eliminate dryness